Plain Kubernetes Cluster on Fedora 31

In this post I describe how to run a plain (vanilla) Kubernetes cluster that spreads across physical machines installed with Fedora 31.

Various projects, like the Kubevirt project that I’ve been involved in recently, introduce an automated way for initiating a Kubernetes cluster. In Kubevirt, for instance, there is a framework named kubevirtci that enables one to quickly spin up and destroy Kubernetes clusters for testing. The kubevirtci framework is composed of two parts. The first part initiates a cluster. The second part deploys Kubevirt on top of that cluster. I can say kubevirtci served me well during the time I developed Kubevirt and the scripts and configurations used by kubevirtci may be used by others to easily run Kubernetes or Openshift clusters across multiple virtual machines within a single physical machine.

However, as part of a new project I started to work on I needed to run Kubernetes clusters across distributed virtual machines (that can be considered physical machines on the same network) for which kubevirtci does not fit, and so following are the steps I’ve made that I share in the hope others that attempt to achieve the same thing would find it useful.

First, we need to install docker as explained in this guide.

Then change the cgroup-driver of docker to be systemd by extending ExecStart in /etc/systemd/system/ with:

--exec-opt native.cgroupdriver=systemd

The next step is following this guide, and specifically:

Add Kubernetes repository:

$ cat <<EOF > /etc/yum.repos.d/kubernetes.repo

Disable SELinux:

$ sed -i 's/^SELINUX=enforcing$/SELINUX=permissive/' /etc/selinux/config

Disable swap in /etc/fstab.

Disable the firewall:

$ systemctl disable firewalld

Install Kubernetes packages:

$ yum install -y kubelet kubeadm kubectl --disableexcludes=kubernetes

Enable kubelet:

$ systemctl enable --now kubelet

Ensure net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-iptables is set to 1 in your sysctl config:

$ sysctl net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-iptables=1

Install kubernetes-cni:

$ dnf install kubernetes-cni

Reboot the machine:

$ shutdown -r now

On the master node, run:

$ kubeadm init

Then deploy weave-net:

$ kubectl apply -f "$(kubectl version | base64 | tr -d '\n')&env.IPALLOC_RANGE="

On the worker nodes run kubeadm join with the token that was returned by kubeadm init on the master node. This, as well as kubeadm init on the master node, can be reverted back with kubeadm reset.

To check your cluster is up and running, inspect the nodes by running on the master node:

$ kubectl get nodes

And the pods:

$ kubectl get pods -n kube-system

To inspect the logs of kubelet, run:

$ journalctl -ur kubelet.service
Written on January 5, 2020